EEG Biofeedback is a methodology for harmonizing aberrant or overactive brainwave patterns such that patients can learn to redevelop the most appropriate brainwave pattern for each environment or social situation.
There are several problem areas that are not uncommonly seen in TBI patients that neurofeedback has been used to improve. These difficulties include problems with attention, impulse and emotional control, seizures, memory, anxiety, insomnia, depression, and physical balance. Read more here.
Treatment for Insomnia, Anxiety, and Depression
Cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) is a U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved treatment for insomnia, depression, and anxiety consisting of pulsed, low-intensity current applied to the earlobes or scalp. Results suggest that CES causes cortical brain deactivation, with a similar pattern for high- and low-frequency stimulation, and alters connectivity in the DMN. These effects may result from interference from high- or low-frequency noise. Small perturbations of brain oscillations may therefore have significant effects on normal resting state brain activity.
Bystritsky, A. Effects of cranial electrotherapy stimulation on resting state brain activity. Brain and Behavior, 211-220.
Treatment for Chronic Pain
CES has previously been studied in conjunction with other aspects of microcurrent electrical therapy (MET) applied to the body via handheld probes or selfadhesive electrodes in a pain management practice. Results of that study of 20 patients revealed that those who continued at least two weeks of daily treatments exhibited an average of 73% improvement in their self-rated visual analogue pain scales and correlates well with this present study. CES has also been proven successful in double blind research for treating specific types of pain, such as fibromyalgia, reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD), and spinal pain. This present study is the first evaluation of the cumulative effects from multiple sessions of CES in the treatment of the wide range of pain diagnoses found in a typical pain clinic.
Read more here about CES and chronic pain studies.